Intersex Shadow Report

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Sunday 18 August 2019

2019 CRPD Swiss LOI Intersex NGO Report

2019-CRC-LOIPR-Swiss-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM

NGO Report (for LOI) to the 1st Periodic Report of Switzerland on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD

>>> Download as DOCX (246 kb) | PDF (333 kb)

Compiled by:
Zwischengeschlecht.org / StopIGM.org
Intersex.ch
SI Selbsthilfe Intersexualität

CRPD Timeline Switzerland 2019 – 2020:

Above July 2019 NGO Report provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Switzerland (p. 18-27), no legal protections for children at risk (p. 10), no access to redress and justice for survivors (p. 26), and no psychosocial and peer support for intersex children and their families (p. 23), in clear contradiction to the previous 4 binding recommendations for Switzerland by UN Treaty bodies (p. 6-8).
Further, the Report documents how intersex children in Switzerland are traditionally considered as "invalids" (p. 21) and how consequently IGM practices in Switzerland are paid for by the "Swiss Federal Invaliity Insurance" (p. 18).

During its 12th Pre-Sessional Working Group (PSWG) in September 2019, the Committee will draft the List of Issues (LOI) with questions for Switzerland, hopefully including strong ones about intersex and IGM.

Switzerland will then have to answer these questions in its Replies to the LOI.

NGOs will then have another opportunity to submit NGO reports. Therafter, Switzerland will be examined in Geneva, arguably in 2020 – hopefully to be followed by yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for Switzerland!

Sunday 4 August 2019

2019 CAT UK Intersex NGO Report

2019-CAT-UK-NGO-Coalition-Intersex-IGMNGO Report (for Session) to the 8th Report of the United Kingdom on the Convention against Torture (CAT)

>>> Download: PDF (623 kb) 

Compiled by:
Intersex NGO Coalition UK

IntersexUK • UK Intersex Association

StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CAT Chronology UK 2018-19

Above January 2019 Thematic Intersex NGO Report provided solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices with impunity in all 4 Nations of the UK, advocated and paid for by the State party (p. 10-16), how UK doctors and the NHS conciously dismiss human rights concerns (p. 16). In addition, it contains personal testimony of IGM survivors (20-26).

On Monday 8 May 2019 NGOs briefed the Committee in a private NGO meeting. For StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org, UK IGM survivor Anick provided personal testimony and highlighted the failure of the government to live up to its promises. (Full statement coming soon.)

On Tuesday 9 + Wednesday 10 May 2019 the human rights record of the UK was examined in Geneva during the 66th CAT session, including a question on IGM and a weak answer by the Delegation. >>> Transcript + Video 

YAY!! Later in May 2019 CAT published its Concluding observations (CAT/C/GBR/CO/6, paras 64-65) with binding recommendations for the UK – including yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for the United Kindgdom:

Intersex persons

64. While noting that in January 2019 the Government Equalities Office launched a call for evidence to better understand the experiences of intersex persons in the United Kingdom, the Committee remains concerned about reports of cases of unnecessary surgery and other medical treatment with lifelong consequences, including severe pain and suffering, to which intersex children have been subjected. The Committee is further concerned about the lack of legal provisions providing redress and rehabilitation in such cases (arts. 14 and 16).

65. The State party should ensure that:

(a) The parents or guardians of intersex children receive impartial counselling services and psychological and social support, including information on the possibility of deferring any decision on unnecessary treatment until they can be carried out with the full, free and informed consent of the person concerned;

(b) Persons who have been subjected to such procedures without their consent and resulting in severe pain and suffering obtain redress, including the means for rehabilitation.

Sunday 28 July 2019

2019 CRC Swiss LOIPR Intersex NGO Report

2019-CRC-LOIPR-Swiss-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM

NGO Report (for LOIPR) to the 5th and 6th Report of Switzerland on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

 
>>> Download as PDF (336 kB)

Compiled by:
Zwischengeschlecht.org / StopIGM.org
Intersex.ch
SI Selbsthilfe Intersexualität

CRC Timeline Switzerland 2019 – ca. 2021:

Above July 2019 NGO Report provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Switzerland (p, 10, 11, 14), no legal protections for children at risk (p. 10-14), no access to redress and justice for survivors (p. 15-17), and no psychosocial and peer support for intersex children and their families (p. 14), in clear contradiction to the 2015 CRC binding recommendations for Switzerland (p. 6-8).

2019-CRC-LoIPR-Swiss-NGO-Coalition-Network

Also the July 2019 Coalition NGO Report (PDF) compiled by Child Rights Network Switzerland, of which Zwischengeschlecht.org/StopIGM.org is a member, contains sections on intersex and IGM under ”Collection of Data > Genital mutilation” (p. 6 in report / p. 9 in PDF) and “Violence against Children > Genital Mutilation > Intersex Genital Mutilation” (p. 19 in report / p. 22 in PDF). >>> more info

During its 84th Pre-Sessional Working Group (PSWG) in September 2019, the Committee will draft the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) with questions for Switzerland, hopefully including strong ones about intersex and IGM.

Switzerland will then have to answer these question in its State report, due in September 2020.

NGOs will then have another opportunity to submit NGO reports. Therafter, Switzerland will be examined in Geneva, likely in 2021 – hopefully to be followed by yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for Switzerland!

2019 CRC Swiss LOIPR Coalition NGO Report

2019-CRC-LoIPR-Swiss-NGO-Coalition-Network

NGO Report (for LOIPR) to the 5th and 6th Report of Switzerland on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

 
>>> Download as PDF (735 kB)

 
 
Compiled by:
Child Rights Network Switzerland

CRC Timeline Switzerland 2019 – ca. 2021:

Above July 2019 Coalition NGO Report compiled by Child Rights Network Switzerland, of which Zwischengeschlecht.org/StopIGM.org is a member, contains sections on intersex and IGM under ”Collection of Data > Genital mutilation” (p. 6 in report / p. 9 in PDF) and “Violence against Children > Genital Mutilation > Intersex Genital Mutilation” (p. 19 in report / p. 22 in PDF):

“1.5 Collection of Data > Genital mutilation

There is no systematic collection of data that would allow conclusions to be drawn about the extent and development of  the various genital mutilationpractices in Switzerland (number of endangered and circumcised girls/women and boys as well as intersex-children). [19] This data is indispensable for the promotion of prevention and awareness-raising measures.
--> What is Switzerland doing to improve the national data situation and the monitoring of genital circumcision?

[19] UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) (2016): Concluding observations on the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of Switzerland, 18th of November 2016, CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/4-5.

“4 Violence against Children > 4.5 Genital Mutilation > 4.5.3 Intersex Genital Mutilation

Contrary to recommendations by international human rights bodies [64], operations that are not medically indicated on children with variance of sex development are still practised in Switzerland and paid for by the disability insurance (IV). These operations are serious and irreparable and often cause lifelong pain and suffering. There are no legislative or other measures to prevent children from these harmful practices, which are unnecessary from a medical point of view. [65] Children affected and their families still do not have access to adequate psychosocial care. The Federal Council considers the recommendations of the Swiss National Advisory Commission on Biomedical Ethics of November 2012 to have been implemented to a large extent [66]. The Federal Council does not intend to implement the CRC-recommendations on IGM, referring to a revision of the Civil Code, which shall make it easier to change civil register entries for gender. [67] To date, there is no reliable date available on interventions carried out in Swiss hospitals that are paid for by the IV. It is alarming that hospitals are sometimes destroying corresponding medical records. [68]

  • How many interventions on intersex-children have been paid for by the IV since the publication of the Concluding Observations 2015 (disaggregated data by age at the time of the intervention, type of intervention, clinic)?
  • What has Switzerland done specifically to implement the relevant CRC, CAT, CEDAW, CCPR recommendations?

[64] CRC/C/CHE/CO/2-4, paras 42-43; 2015: CAT/C/CHE/CO/7, para 20; 2016: CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/4-5, paras 24–25, 38–39; 2017: CCPR/C/CHE/CO/4, paras 24-25.
[65] A Petition (15.2043) of the human rights group Zwischengeschlecht/Stop IGM, which called for a ban on Intersex genital mutilation, failed in March 2017 in the Council of States and in June 2017 in the National Council.
[66] Federal Council (2016): Media release - People with ambiguous sex - Fostering sensitivity (Medienmitteilung – Menschen mit uneindeutigem Geschlecht – Sensibilität fördern).
[67] Federal Council (2018): Measures to fill gaps in the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Switzerland (Massnahmen zur Schliessung von Lücken bei der Umsetzung der Kinderrechtskonvention in der Schweiz).
[68] How Zurich Children's Hospital handles the medical files Cf. Inquiry Cantonal Council of Zurich (328/2018): Shredding of files concerning operations on children with variations of sex development in the Zurich Children's Hospital.UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) (2016): Concluding observations on the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of Switzerland, 18th of November 2016, CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/4-5.

2019-CRC-LOIPR-Swiss-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM

Also the July 2019 Thematic Intersex NGO Report (PDF) provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Switzerland (p, 10, 11, 14), no legal protections for children at risk (p. 10-14), no access to redress and justice for survivors (p. 15-17), and no psychosocial and peer support for intersex children and their families (p. 14), in clear contradiction to the 2015 CRC binding recommendations for Switzerland (p. 6-8). >>> more info

During its 84th Pre-Sessional Working Group (PSWG) in September 2019, the Committee will draft the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) with questions for Switzerland, hopefully including strong ones about intersex and IGM.

Switzerland will then have to answer these question in its State report, due in September 2020.

NGOs will then have another opportunity to submit NGO reports. Therafter, Switzerland will be examined in Geneva, likely in 2021 – hopefully to be followed by yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for Switzerland!

Wednesday 15 May 2019

2019 CRC Malta Intersex NGO Report

2019-CRC-Malta-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM

NGO Report (for Session) to the 3rd to 6th Report of Malta on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

 

>>>  Download (PDF 758 kb)

 
Compiled by:
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CRC Chronology Malta 2019

Above April 2019 Thematic Intersex NGO Report documents that Malta's law does not live up to the promise of the government to “equalise the penalties applicable to intersex genital mutilation to the penalties applicable to female genital mutilation”, but that serious gaps and legal loopholes persist, and provides solid evidence of how Government agencies, university hospitals and public as well as private health insurances continue to promote and facilitate IGM practices both domestically in Malta and overseas in contractual paediatric clinics.

• An article in the Times of Malta (15.05.2019) on our NGO report highlights Malta's lack of action regarding [WARNING!!!] IGM 1 “hypospadias repair surgery”.

During its 81th session, in May 2019 the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) will examine the human rights record of Malta, to be transmitted LIVE on webtv.un.org!
   Session 1: Wed 15 May, 15-18h CEST
   Session 2: Thu 16 May, 10-13h CEST
StopIGM.org reported live from Palais Wilson, hoping for strong questions on intersex and IGM! Unsurprisingly, the Government officials flatly denied the practice and tried to sidestep the issue (but privately admitted IGM continues also domestically)
>>> Transcript Intersex Q&A

After the Session, in June 2019 the CRC will publish its Concluding observations with binding recommendations for Malta – hopefully including yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices, and the very 1st one for Malta!

Saturday 27 April 2019

2019 CAT Germany Intersex NGO Report

2019-CAT-Germany-NGO-Intersex-StopIGM

NGO Report to the 6th Periodic Report of Germany on the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)

 
>>> Download as PDF (1.3 MB)

 
Compiled by:
Zwischengeschlecht.org / StopIGM.org

CAT Timeline Germany 2011 – 2019

In November 2011, during its 47th Session the UN Committee against Torture (CAT) reviewed of Germany, with Experts Mr. Claudio Grossman and Ms. Myrna Kleopas raising "unnecessary", "forced surgery on inter-sex children", "often involving removal or mutilation of, for example, the clitoris or gonads" (see UN press release 04.011.2011, see also the Summary record, which attributes the second question to CAT member Felice Gaer), based on a Thematic NGO Report by Intersexuelle Menschen e.V. / XY-Frauen and Humboldt Law Clinic

In December 2011, the Committee issued the very first Concluding Observations (CAT/C/DEU/CO/5, para 20) of a UN treay body to explicitly condemn non-consensual surgery on intersex children, demanding a.o. that Germany should:

"Undertake investigation of incidents of surgical and other medical treatment of intersex people without effective consent and adopt legal provisions in order to provide redress to the victims of such treatment, including adequate compensation."

In December 2013, the Committee issued the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) for Germany with questions to be answered in the forthcoming German State report with questions on the implementation of the previous Concluding Observations, including questions on access to redress and justice for IGM survivors (CAT/C/DEU/QPR/6, para 40):

“Please provide updated data on the number of complaints of incidents of medical treatment on intersex persons without their effective consent and information on investigations, prosecutions, convictions and penalties in relation to such complaints. Please also provide updates on the legal means of redress provided to intersex people who have been victims of non-consensual surgical and other medical treatment, including legal, medical and psychological aid, and adequate compensation.”

In August 2017, nearly 2 years after the due date on 25.11.2015, Germany filed its State report, including (non-)answers to LOIPR questions on intersex and IGM – in particular, the questions on access to redress and justice were completely ignored (CAT/C/DEU/6, paras 211-225).

2019-CAT-Germany-NGO-Intersex-StopIGM Above January 2019 NGO Report (PDF) provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Germany, and how despite repeated Government promises there are still no legal protections for intersex children at risk (p. 14-16, 21-22) and no access to redress and justice for IGM survivors (p. 22-23, 27-31), in clear contradiction of the 2011 CAT binding recommendations for Germany.
The report further documents recent developments including
- Minister’s conference proposes “legal ban” of IGM (p. 17)
- Inter-Ministerial Working Group on Intersexuality and Transsexuality states IGM “may constitute bodily injury”, suggests “clarifying prohibition”  (p. 18)
- Coalition Agreement promises legal prohibition of IGM (p. 19)
- CCPR raises “non-emergency” surgery, “obstacles in access to justice” (p. 19)
- CESCR64: Germany promises “legislation” to prohibit IGM (p. 19)
- Minister of Justice promises “legal provision” to “end this practice”  (p. 20)
- Social Court: Involuntary, non-urgent Clitorectomy = “state of the art” legal medical Intervention “serv[ing] the well-being of the patient”  (p. 20)

On Friday 26 April 2019 NGOs briefed the Committee in a private NGO meeting. For StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org, German IGM survivor Claudia provided personal testimony and highlighted the failure of the government to live up to its promises, and Daniela Truffer provided latest updates including on the February 2019 Follow-up statistics study. (Full statement coming soon.)

On Monday 29 + Tuesday 30 April 2019 the human rights record of Germany will be examined in Geneva during the 66th CAT session, hopefully with tough questions on IGM and the complicity of the state:
   Session 1: Mon 29 April 10-13h CET
   Session 1: Tue 30 April 15-18h CET
   – to be transmitted LIVE on webtv.un.org!

In May 2019 CAT will publish its Concluding observations with binding recommendations for Germany – hopefully including yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for Germany!

Saturday 23 February 2019

2019 CEDAW UK Intersex NGO Report

2019-CEDAW-UK-NGO-Coalition-Intersex-IGMNGO Report (for Session) to the 8th Report of the United Kingdom on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

>>> Download: PDF (430 kb)  

Compiled by:
Intersex NGO Coalition UK
IntersexUK • UK Intersex Association
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CEDAW Chronology UK 2018-19

2018-CEDAW-PSWG-UK-NGO-Coalition-Intersex-IGM

In June 2018, the initial Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for PSWG) (PDF) provided solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices with impunity in all 4 Nations of the UK, advocated and paid for by the State party (p. 11-16), how UK doctors and the NHS conciously dismiss human rights concerns (p. 17). In addition, it contained background on intersex and IGM (8-10).

In July 2018 during the CEDAW 72 Pre-Sessional Working Group, the Committee heard NGOs in a private meeting >>> Joint Intersex PSWG NGO Statement 23.07.2018 (PDF):

As an NHS surgeon says, “[...] we remain happy to undertake clitoral reduction surgery [...] Until such time as there is a change in the law, parents will continue to have the right to decide [...]” [5]

CRC [6] recognised IGM in the UK as a harmful practice in 2015, seconded by CRPD [7] [8] in 2017. However, to this day the Government fails to act.
To this day, the UK denies these serious human rights violations, but tries to misrepresent IGM as a “health care” or “gender  identity” issue instead.
This misrepresentation is also evident in the State report. [9]

The Committee then drafted the List of Issues (LOI) with questions for for the UK, which include a good questions on intersex and IGM under CEDAW art. 5 “harmful practices” (CEDAW/C/GBR/Q/8, para 8):

Discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices

[...]

8. The report indicates that in 2015 the State party introduced a number of provisions to strengthen the Female Genital Mutilation Act in order to help break down barriers to prosecution (para. 183). Please provide information on the extent to which these changes to the law have facilitated the prosecution of female genital mutilation cases in the State party. What progress has been made following the introduction of a mandatory reporting duty, which requires regulated health-care and social-care professionals, as well as teachers, to report to the police all “known” cases of female genital mutilation in girls under the age of 18 years? Please provide information on the progress made to provide medical and psychosocial support to women and girls who are victims of female genital mutilation. Please provide data on the number of surgical and other procedures that have been undertaken on intersex children under the age of 18 years in the State party.

In November 2018 the UK (non-)answered to the LOI as follows (CEDAW/C/GBR/Q/8/Add.1, para 46):

Intersex children

46.   Issues faced by people who are living with variant sex characteristics is an emerging policy area for Government. UK Government has announced its intention to publish a call for evidence on these issues. The evidence gathered from this exercise will inform the Government’s next steps in this area. UK Government is aware of some calls from the sector to ban the practice of medical interventions on minor’s sex characteristics.

2019-CEDAW-UK-NGO-Coalition-Intersex-IGM Above January 2019 follow-up Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for Session) (PDF) documents recent developments including
- Children from Ireland and Malta submitted to IGM in the UK (p. 12);
- Selective intersex abortions (p. 15);
- The  British Association of Paediatric Urologists (BAPU) (p.13), the General Medical Council (GMC) (p. 13) and the Scottish DSD Network (SDSD) (p. 14) admitting to continuing with IGM;
- The Government fails to take effective measures to prevent IGM practices to continue with impunity (p. 18-19);
- Intersex funding is misappropriated by LGBT NGOs (p. 16-17).

On Monday 25 February 2019 NGOs will have another possibility to brief the Committee in both public and private NGO briefings:
   Private NGO MeetingLunchtime
   Public NGO Briefing: 16-17h CET (3pm-5pm UK time)
   >>> UK Intersex Coalition: CEDAW72 Briefing Update (PDF)

On Tuesday 26 February 2019 the human rights record of the UK will be examined in Geneva during the 72nd CEDAW session:
   Session 1: 10-13h CET (9am-noon UK time)
   Session 1: 15-17h CET (2pm-4pm UK time)
   to be transmitted LIVE on webtv.un.org!

In March 2019 CEDAW will publish its Concluding observations with binding recommendations for the UK – hopefully including yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for the UK!

Friday 25 January 2019

2018 CRC Belgium Intersex NGO Report

2018 CRC Belgium NGO (for Session) Intersex IGM

NGO Report (for Session) to the 5th and 6th Report of Belgium on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

>>>  Download (PDF 210 kb)

Compiled by:
Thierry Bosman
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org
Endorsed by:
Intersex Belgium

CRC Chronology Belgium 2018-19

2018 CRC Belgium NGO (for PSWG) Intersex IGM

In March 2018, the initial Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for PSWG) (PDF) provided solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Belgium, advocated and paid for by the State party. In addition, it showed that also children from neighbouring Luxembourg are sent to Belgium for IGM practices.

In June 2018 during the CRC80 Pre-Sessional Working Group, the Committee heard NGOs in a private meeting. From the Joint Intersex PSWG NGO Statement 04.06.2018:

[...] As our NGO report proves, today Intersex Genital Mutilations are still practiced in Belgium, paid for by the public health system. And also intersex children from Luxembourg are sent to Belgium for surgery. [...] What’s more, it is my understanding that the Ghent university hospital is actively recruiting foreign intersex children from waiting lists of NHS clinics in the UK, including children from Malta. [...]

The Committee then drafted the List of Issues (LOI) with questions for Belgium, which was published in July 2018 and includes a good question on intersex and IGM (CRC/C/BEL/Q/5-6, para 8):

8. [...] With respect to paragraphs 133 to 135 of the State party’s report, please provide information on the progress made in eliminating harmful practices such as female and intersex genital mutilation and child marriage.

In Belgium's written answers to the LOI in writing published in November 2018, the State party replied (CRC/C/BEL/Q/5-6/Add.1, [between paras 57 and 58]):

[Unofficial English] Intersex children

• Study (federal, 2016) on terminology and care discourse concerning intersex people in Belgium. Afterwards, a study on the living situation of these people (Flanders).

• Support for the creation of a website for people born with atypical sexual characteristics by Flanders.

• Federal funding for the development of information kits for intersex children and parents.

• Subsidy to associations fighting against genital mutilation of intersex children, such as Genres pluriels.

[Original French] Enfants intersexes

• Etude (fédérale, 2016) sur la terminologie et le discours de prise en charge concernant les personnes intersexes en Belgique. Ensuite, étude sur la situation de vie de ces personnes (Flandre).

• Soutien à la création d’un site web concernant les personnes nées avec des caractéristiques sexuelles atypiques par la Flandre.

• Financement fédéral de l’élaboration de trousses d’information adressées aux enfants intersexes et aux parents.

• Subvention d’associations luttant contre les mutilations génitales des enfants intersexes, telles Genres pluriels.

2018 CRC Belgium NGO (for Session) Intersex IGM Above December 2018 follow-up Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for Session) (PDF) documents recent developments including also children from Luxembourg and Malta submitted to IGM in Belgium (p. 7), Belgian hospitals involved in international IGM networks (p. 7-8), and how Belgian government bodies, in the name of promoting "Rights of intersex people", in fact further promote and subsidise IGM practicioners and their institutions (p. 8-10); and it investigates the claims made by Belgium in its answers to the LOI (p. 11-14). The submitted version of the Report also contains a personal testimony of an IGM survivor (not included in the public version).

During the 80th CRC Session in Geneva, on 24-25 January 2019 the Committee examined the human rights record of Belgium including strong questions on intersex and IGM, archived on webtv.un.org:
   Session 1: Thu 24 January 2019, 15-18h Report | Video
   Session 2: Fr 25 January 2019, 10-13h Report | Video
  
When CRC asked about harmful practices on intersex children,
   Belgium replied it's "medical treatment" , NOT a human rights issue ...

   >>> CRC80 Belgium Session Report, Transcripts, Videos

In February 2019 the CRC will publish its Concluding observations with binding recommendations for Belgium – hopefully followed by yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for Belgium!

Tuesday 22 January 2019

2018 CRC Italy Intersex NGO Report (for Session)

2018 CRC Italy NGO (for Session) Intersex IGM

NGO Report (for Session) to the 5th and 6th Report of Italy on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

>>>  Download (PDF 450 kb)

Compiled by:
Claudia Balsamo
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org
Endorsed by:
Intersexioni • Intersex Esiste

CRC Chronology Italy 2018-19

2018 CRC Italy NGO (for PSWG) Intersex IGM

In March 2018, the initial Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for PSWG) (PDF) provided solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Italy, advocated and paid for by the State party (p. 10-14). In addition, it shows how Italian case law promotes and endorses IGM by punishing its prevention (p. 11-12).

In June 2018 during the CRC80 Pre-Sessional Working Group, the Committee heard NGOs in a private meeting >>> Joint Intersex PSWG NGO Statement 06.06.2018 (PDF):

[...] from an interview with an Italian paediatric urologist conducted for a forthcoming study on intersex human rights in Italy presented yesterday at a conference at the University of Bologna:

“I carry out a large number of genitoplasty operations [that is partial clitoris amputation and vaginoplasty] when the children are no more than one year old...then before menarche we run a check in the operating room and if there is a vaginal tightening we re-operate. This is so the girl feels alright, instead of waiting and saying ‘well if she starts being sexually active then we’ll perform surgery...’” [1] [...]

The persistence of IGM in Italian clinics is a matter of public record, as is the criticism of persons concerned and their organisations, also to Government bodies including the Ministry of Health and the Italian Senate. In addition, CRPD [4] has already considered IGM practices in Italy as a serious human rights violation. Nonetheless, the Italian Government still refuses to take any appropriate action to protect intersex children. [...]

The Committee then drafted the List of Issues (LOI) with questions for Italy, which was published in July 2018 and includes good questions on intersex and IGM (CRC/C/ITA/Q/5-6, para 17 e–f):

17. Please provide, if available, updated statistical data disaggregated by age, sex, ethnic origin, national origin, geographic location and socioeconomic status, for the past three years, on: [...]

(e) Children who are born intersex;

(f) The number of non-urgent, irreversible surgical and other procedures that have been undertaken on intersex children before an age at which they are able to provide informed consent;

In Italy's written answers to the LOI published in October 2018, the State party replied (CRC/C/ITA/Q/5-6/Add.1, paras 105-106).

Question 17

[...]

(e) [Data on intersex births]

105. No data is available in this area, as the Italian legislation does not allow for the registration of children at birth as intersex

(f) [Data on non-urgent, non-consensual prodecures on intersex children]

106. Data on this point is available in Annex I (Tab 17).

The Annex I referred to (INT/CRC/ARL/ITA/33009, tab 17) [ Original XLS file currently not available: Mirror full intersex data PDF (132 kb) | XLS (83 kb) | Mirror complete annexe (XLS 4 MB) ], contains the following summarised data:

- A list of 7 ICD9-CM diagnoses used to determine intersex cases ("DSD")

- A list of 15 ICD9-CM procedures to determine cases of relevant "urogenital surgical procedures"

- Statistics 2015-17 of "Non-urgent hospital discharges for DSD with and without surgical procedures. Age 0-17", with totals:
   2015: 1418
   2016: 1379
   2017: 1252

- Statistics 2015-17 of "Non-urgent hospital discharges for DSD with surgical procedures. Age 0-17", with totals:
   2015: 12
   2016: 13
   2017:   3

- An overview 2015-17 of percentages of "hospital discharges for DSD" with "non-urgent [...] surgical procedures" (out of total "non-urgent [...] discharges for DSD"):
   2015: 0.8%
   2016: 0.9%
   2017: 0.2%

2018 CRC Italy NGO (for Session) Intersex IGM Above December 2018 follow-up Thematic Intersex NGO Report (for Session) (PDF) investigates the statistic claims made by Italy, and documents much higher numbers published by Italian IGM doctors themselves (p. 10-12). It also contains personal testimonies from IGM survivors (p. 14-19), and extensive evidence of the most common IGM practices in Italy (p. 20-24).

During the 80th CRC Session in Geneva, on 22-23 January 2019 the Committee will examined the human rights record of Italy – including strong questions on intersex and IGM, archived on webtv.un.org:
   Session 1: Tue 22 January 2019, 15-18h Report | Video
   Session 2: Wed 23 January 2019, 10-13h  Report | Video
   When CRC asked about harmful practices on intersex children,
   Italy answered on trans legislation and 3rd gender in birth assistance certificates ...

   >>> CRC80 Italy Session Report, Transcripts, Videos

In February 2019 the CRC will publish its Concluding observations with binding recommendations for Italy – hopefully followed by yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for Italy!

Wednesday 19 December 2018

2018 CAT France LOIPR Intersex Report

2018-CAT-LOIPR-France-NGO-Intersex-GISS-StopIGMNGO Report for LOIPR
to the 8th Report of France
on the Convention against Torture (CAT)

 
>>> Download: PDF (268 kb)   

Compiled by:
GISS | Alter Corpus
Vincent Guillot • Nadine Coquet
StopIGM.org
/ Zwischengeschlecht.org

CAT Timeline France 2018 - ca. 2021: 

• Precedent: In May 2016, after having reviewed the human rights record of France in Geneva, and based on evidence and testimony compiled and presented by Vincent Guillot, Nadine Coquet and StopIGM.org, the Committee against Torture (CAT) reprimanded France for IGM, condemning the practice as cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment in violation of the Convention against Torture, and in its "Concluding observations" obliged France to "take the necessary legislative, administrative and other measures" to prevent IGM, compensate survivors and guarantee adequate counselling and support.

Above June 2018 NGO Report provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in France, and of the failure of France to implement the 2016 binding recommendations by CAT (as well as those by CRC and CEDAW).

In December 2018 during the 65th CAT Session, the Committee drafted the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) with questions for France for the next review cycle – including detailed ones about intersex and IGM (CAT/C/FRA/QPR/8, para 21):

[ Unofficial English ]

“21. With reference to the Committee's previous concluding observations (para. 35) on intersex persons, please indicate:

(a) The measures taken by the State party to ensure that no one is subjected during childhood to medical or surgical treatment aimed at assigning a sex and which are not of a medical emergency nature;

(b) Measures taken to ensure that the persons concerned and their parents receive impartial counselling and free psychological support;

(c) Measures to ensure that no medical treatment is provided without full, free and informed consent, and that these persons or their parents have not been informed of the various options, including the possibility of postponing any decision on unnecessary treatment until the person concerned is able to make a decision;

(d) Investigations by the State party into cases of medical or surgical treatment of intersex persons without their free and informed consent; and, where applicable, measures taken by the State party to provide redress to victims, including adequate compensation.”

   

[ Original French ]

“21. Eu égard aux précédentes observations finales du Comité (par. 35) concernant les personnes intersexuées, veuillez indiquer :

a) Les mesures prises par l’État partie pour faire en sorte que nul ne soit soumis durant l’enfance à des traitements médicaux ou chirurgicaux visant à lui attribuer un sexe et qui ne présentent aucun caractère d’urgence médicale ;

b) Les mesures prises visant à s’assurer que les personnes concernées ainsi que leurs parents bénéficient des services d’un conseil impartial et d’un accompagnement psychologique gratuit ;

c) Les mesures visant à garantir qu’aucun traitement médical ne soit effectué sans qu’un consentement plein, libre et éclairé n’ait été obtenu, et sans que ces personnes ou leurs parents n’aient été informés des différentes options dont celle de reporter toute décision sur des traitements non nécessaires jusqu’à ce que la personne concernée soit capable de se prononcer ;

d) Les enquêtes menées par l’Etat partie sur les cas de traitements médicaux ou chirurgicaux subis par des personnes intersexuées sans avoir donné leur consentement libre et éclairé; et le cas échéant, les mesures prises par l’Etat partie visant à accorder réparation aux victimes, notamment une indemnisation adéquate.”

The State party has now to answer to the LOIPR in writing in its State report. Thereafter, NGOs will have another possibility to submit NGO reports.

Finally the actual State review will take place in Geneva, hopefully followed by yet another strong reprimand for IGM practices for France.

Saturday 24 November 2018

2018 CEDAW PSWG UK Intersex NGO Report

2018-CEDAW-PSWG-UK-NGO-Coalition-Intersex-IGMNGO Report (for PSWG) to the 8th Report of the United Kingdom on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

>>> Download: PDF (679 kb)  

Compiled by:
Intersex NGO Coalition UK
IntersexUK • UK Intersex Association
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CEDAW Timeline UK 2018-19:  
• Above June 2018 NGO Report provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in the UK.
In July 2018 during the CEDAW 72 Pre-Sessional Working Group, the Committee heard NGOs in a private meeting >>> Joint Intersex PSWG NGO Statement 23.07.2018 (PDF):

As an NHS surgeon says, “[...] we remain happy to undertake clitoral reduction surgery [...] Until such time as there is a change in the law, parents will continue to have the right to decide [...]” [5]

CRC [6] recognised IGM in the UK as a harmful practice in 2015, seconded by CRPD [7] [8] in 2017. However, to this day the Government fails to act.
To this day, the UK denies these serious human rights violations, but tries to misrepresent IGM as a “health care” or “gender  identity” issue instead.
This misrepresentation is also evident in the State report. [9]

The Committee then drafted the List of Issues (LOI) with questions for for the UK, which include a good questions on intersex and IGM under CEDAW art. 5 “harmful practices” (CEDAW/C/GBR/Q/8, para 8):

Discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices

[...]

8. The report indicates that in 2015 the State party introduced a number of provisions to strengthen the Female Genital Mutilation Act in order to help break down barriers to prosecution (para. 183). Please provide information on the extent to which these changes to the law have facilitated the prosecution of female genital mutilation cases in the State party. What progress has been made following the introduction of a mandatory reporting duty, which requires regulated health-care and social-care professionals, as well as teachers, to report to the police all “known” cases of female genital mutilation in girls under the age of 18 years? Please provide information on the progress made to provide medical and psychosocial support to women and girls who are victims of female genital mutilation. Please provide data on the number of surgical and other procedures that have been undertaken on intersex children under the age of 18 years in the State party.

In November 2018 the UK (non-)answered to the LOI as follows (CEDAW/C/GBR/Q/8/Add.1, para 46):

Intersex children

46.   Issues faced by people who are living with variant sex characteristics is an emerging policy area for Government. UK Government has announced its intention to publish a call for evidence on these issues. The evidence gathered from this exercise will inform the Government’s next steps in this area. UK Government is aware of some calls from the sector to ban the practice of medical interventions on minor’s sex characteristics.

In January 2019 NGOs will have another possibility to submit NGO reports.
On Monday 25 February 2019 NGOs will have another possibility to brief the Committee in both public and private NGO meetings.
On Tuesday 26 February the human rights record of the UK will be examined in Geneva during the 72nd CEDAW session, hopefully followed by yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices for the UK after the Session!

>>> Full Chronology CEDAW UK 2018-19

Sunday 7 October 2018

2018 CEDAW Nepal Intersex NGO Report

2018-CEDAW-Nepal-NGO-Intersex-IGMNGO Report (for Session) to the 6th Report of Nepal on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

>>>  Download (PDF 328 kb)

Compiled by:
Esan Regmi, Parsu Ram Rai (BDS)
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org
  

CEDAW Nepal Timeline 2018

In February 2018, Esan Regmi (Blue Diamond Society, Nepal) and StopIGM.org first submitted Intersex NGO Reports (for LOI) to CEDAW, raising and substantiating violations against intersex children, adolescents and adults in Nepal.

In March 2018 during its 71st PSWG Session, the Committee heard NGOs in a private meeting, including a Joint Intersex Statement (PDF) by Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai  (Blue Diamond Society, Nepal) and StopIGM.org, raising infanticide, child abandonment, intersex genital mutilation, forced marriage, massive bullying preventing intersex children from attending school, and more.

Later in March 2018 CEDAW published its List of Issues (LOI) for Nepal (PDF) with questions to the Nepali Government, including a question on intersex under CEDAW art. 5 (CEDAW/C/NPL/Q/6, para 8 (d)):

Stereotypes and harmful practices

[...]
8.  The State party indicates that it, in collaboration with civil society organizations, is implementing campaigns to address harmful practices, such as forced and child marriages and accusations of witchcraft (para. 27). [...] Please also provide information on [..] (d) measures taken to address the forced genital mutilation of and discrimination against intersex persons, including reported cases of abuse, infanticide and forced marriage.

This marked the first time ever that a UN Committee explicitly addressed infanticide and forced marriage of intersex persons!

The Government had then to submit written answers to the questions in the LOI, which it did only well after the deadline late in September 2018 (merely a week before the deadline for the NGO follow-up reports for the Session). While the Replies to the LOI (CEDAW/C/NPL/Q/6/Add.1, para 41) repeat the above questions on intersex, they completely fail to provide any answer.

Early October 2018, Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai (Blue Diamond Society, Nepal) and StopIGM.org submitted above thematic follow-up Joint Intersex NGO Report (for Session, PDF) (INT/CEDAW/CSS/NPL/32600), providing solid evidence of the serious human rights violations against intersex people based on stereotypes and prejudice, and also of the failure of the Government to act.

Later in October 2018, the human rights record of Nepal will be examined during the 71st CEDAW session in Geneva:
  
- 22 October 2018 the Committee will hear NGOs first in a private briefing and
      15:00–16:30h CEST [Nepal: 18:45–19:15h] in a public NGO meeting
      to be transmitted LIVE on webtv.un.org. >>> Joint Intersex NGO Statement (PDF)
      >>> Extended Private Meeting Joint Intersex NGO Statement (PDF)
  - 23 October 2018 during the State review, CEDAW raised intersex, infanticide and IGM
      with the Nepali delegation, live on webtv.un.org!  >>> Intersex Transcript + Video
      Session 1: 10:00–13:00h [Nepal: 13:45–16:45h]
      Session 2: 15:00–17:00h [Nepal: 18:45–20:45h]

In November 2018 the Committee will publish its “Concluding Observations” – hopefully with yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices for Nepal.
UPDATE!!! UN-CEDAW condems Intersex Infanticide and Genital Mutilation in Nepal!

And from 18–29 November the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its Causes and Consequences, Ms.  Dubravka Šimonović, will undertake an official country visit to Nepal. Esan Regmi and Parsu Ram Rai (Blue Diamond Society, Nepal) and StopIGM.org also submitted a Report “Harmful Practice and Violence against Intersex Children and Adolescents in Nepal” (PDF) to the Special Rapporteur. Hopefully, also the Special Rapporteur will denounce harmful practices on intersex people in Nepal in her upcoming Report on the Country visit.

Sunday 16 September 2018

2017 CAT Swiss LOIPR Intersex NGO Report

2017-CAT-LoIPR-Swiss-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM

NGO Report to the 8th Periodic Report of Switzerland on the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)

>>> Download as PDF (255 kB)

Compiled by:
Zwischengeschlecht.org / StopIGM.org
Intersex.ch
SI Selbsthilfe Intersexualität

CAT Timeline Switzerland 2017 – ca. 2019:
• Above June 2017 NGO Report provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Switzerland, no legal protections for children at risk and no access to redress and justice for survivors, in clear contradiction of the 2015 CAT binding recommendations for Switzerland.
• In December 2017 during its 62nd Session, the Committee drafted the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) with questions for Switzerland.
January 2018 the LOIPR (PDF) was published, including a tough question on intersex and IGM under CAT Article 16 “Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment” (CAT/C/CHE/QPR/8, para 27):

“27. In light of the Committee’s previous concluding observations (para. 20), please indicate the measures taken to guarantee respect for the physical integrity and autonomy of intersex individuals, so that no one is subjected during childhood to non-urgent medical or surgical procedures intended to determine the sex of the child.”

• The State party has now to answer to the LOIPR in writing in its State report. Thereafter, NGOs will have another possibility to submit NGO reports.
• Finally the actual State review will take place in Geneva, hopefully followed by yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices for Switzerland.

Sunday 5 August 2018

2018 CRPD Germany LOIPR Intersex Report

2018 CRPD Germany LOIPR Thematic NGO Report Intersex IGM

NGO Report to the 2nd and 3rd Periodic Report of Germany on the Convention on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

 
>>>  Download DOCX (1.1 MB) | PDF (1.2 MB)
   
 

Compiled by:
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CRPD Timeline Germany 2018 – ca. 2020:
• Above July 2018 NGO Report provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Germany.
• In September 2018 during its 20th Session, the Committee heard NGOs in a private meeting. As requested by the Coutry rapporteurs, our Statement focused of the intersectionality of intersex and disability: >>> StopIGM.org Statement DOCX | PDF.
• The Committee then drafted the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) with questions for Germany, which were published early in October 2018 and include tough questions on intersex and IGM under CRPD art. 17 (CRPD/C/DEU/QPR/2-3, para 16):

Protecting the integrity of the person (art. 17)

16. Please inform the Committee about:

(a) Measures to repeal legislation still authorizing the sterilization of persons without their consent, but with the consent of a third party;

(b) Initiatives to implement its recommendations relating to intersex children (CRPD/C/DEU/CO/1, para 38 (d)).

• The State party will now have to answer these questions in writing in its State report.
• Thereafter, NGOs will have another possibility to submit NGO reports.
• Finally the actual State review will take place in Geneva, hopefully followed by yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices for Germany.

2018 CRPD Austria LOIPR Intersex Report

2018 CRPD Austria LOIPR Thematic NGO Report Intersex IGM

NGO Report to the 2nd and 3rd Periodic Report of Austria on the Convention on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

 
>>>  Download DOCX (176 kb) | PDF (305 kb)
   
 

Compiled by:
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CRPD Timeline Austria 2018 – ca. 2020:
• Above July 2018 NGO Report provides solid evidence of ongoing IGM practices in Austria.
• In September 2018 during its 20th Session, the Committee heard NGOs in a private meeting >>> StopIGM.org Statement DOCX | PDF.
• The Committee then drafted the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) with questions for Austria, which were published early in October 2018 and, referring to the previous reprimand for Austria by the Committee against Torture in 2015, include tough questions on intersex and IGM under CRPD art. 15 (CRPD/C/AUT/QPR/2-3, paras 36-37):

Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (art. 15)

[...]

36. Please provide information as to how intersex children are treated as disabled children and if surgery continues to be performed on these children in the State party. If so, please provide data on the number of children who have undergone surgery since the last report.

37. Please provide information on measures taken to implement the recommendations made by Committee against Torture (CAT/C/AUT/CO/6).

• The State party will now have to answer these questions in writing in its State report.
• Thereafter, NGOs will have another possibility to submit NGO reports.
• Finally the actual State review will take place in Geneva, hopefully followed by yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices for Austria.

Saturday 28 July 2018

2018 CAT Chile Intersex NGO Report

NGO Report to the 6th Report of Chile on the Convention against Torture (CAT)

 
 
>>> English (PDF 582 kb)
        

 
Compiled by:
Brújula Intersexual Chile
Brújula Intersexual
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CAT Timeline Chile July-August 2018:
• NGO Briefing Chile (closed):
Fri 28 July
• Review of Chile: Mon 30 + Tue 31 July 15-17h CEST

   to be transmitted LIVE on
webtv.un.org!
The Concluding Observations for Chile, hopefully including yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices, will be published after the end of the 64th CAT session (10 Aug 2018).

Friday 13 July 2018

2018 CEDAW Liechtenstein Intersex NGO Report

>>> deutsch      >>> http://intersex.schattenbericht.org

2018 CEDAW Liechtenstein Thematic NGO Report Intersex IGM

NGO Report to the 5th Periodic Report of Liechtenstein on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

 
>>>  Download (PDF 373 kb)
   
  

Compiled by:
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CEDAW Timeline Liechtenstein July 2018:
• NGO Briefing Liechtenstein (public):
Mon 2 July 16-17h CEST 
   >>> Intersex NGO Statement (PDF) | UN Web TV (@ 44:45)
• Review of Liechtenstein: Thu 5 July 10-13h + 15-17h CEST

   to be transmitted LIVE on
webtv.un.org!
YAY!! The Concluding Observations for Liechtenstein (and Mexico, New Zealand and Australia) include yet another reprimand for IGM practices for each country.

Wednesday 11 July 2018

2018 CEDAW New Zealand Intersex NGO Report

>>> deutsch      >>> http://intersex.schattenbericht.org

2018 CEDAW New Zealand Thematic NGO Report Intersex IGM

NGO Report to the 8th Periodic Report of New Zealand on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

 
>>>  Download (PDF 376 kb)
   
>>>
Summary (PDF)

Compiled by:
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CEDAW Timeline New Zealand July 2018:
• Review of New Zealand: Thu 12 July 10-13h + 15-17h CEST

  
>>> TRANSCRIPT + VIDEO of Intersex Q&A during Session
YAY!! The Concluding Observations for New Zealand (and Liechtenstein, Australia and Mexico) include yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices for each country.

Thursday 28 June 2018

2018 CEDAW Mexico Intersex NGO Report

NGO Report to the 9th Report of Mexico on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

>>> Español (PDF 513 kb)
>>> English (PDF 559 kb)
    >>> Summary (PDF)

Compiled by:
Brújula Intersexual
Vivir y Ser Intersex
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CEDAW Timeline México June-July 2018:
• NGO Briefing Mexico (public):
Mon 2 July 16-17h CEST 
   to be transmitted LIVE on webtv.un.org!
"Fragments. An Intersex Experience" (public): Mon 2 July 18:30h CEST
 
    Short film + Talk with Adiòs Al Futuro (Mexico)  >>> more info
• NGO Lunch Time Briefing (closed):
Tue 5 July  >>> Intersex NGO Statement
• Review of México: Fri 6 July 10-13h + 15-17h CEST
   to be transmitted LIVE on
webtv.un.org!
YAY!! The Concluding Observations for México (and Liechtenstein, Australia and New Zealand) include yet another severe reprimand for IGM practices for each country.

Sunday 13 May 2018

2018 CRC Argentina Intersex NGO Report (for Session)

2018 CRC Argentina ONG Intersex IGM

NGO Report to the 5th and 6th Periodic Report of Argentina on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

>>> English (PDF 386 kb)
>>> Español (PDF 520 kb)

Compiled by:
Justicia Intersex
Brújula Intersexual / Brújula Inters. Argentina
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org

CRC Timeline Argentina 2017-18:

September 2017: Pre-session NGO Report by StopIGM.org, presenting solid evidence of how today healthy intersex children are still submitted to IGM, paid for by the Universal Health Care System under the oversight of the Argentinian Ministry of Health, causing lifelong severe pain and suffering (>>> Download PDF).

November 2017: Unfortunately, the Pre-Sessional Working Group compiling the List of Issues (LoI) with questions for Denmark for the session did NOT include intersex or IGM.

April 2017: Joint Thematic NGO Report, providing updated solid evidence of how today healthy intersex children are still submitted to IGM, paid for by the Universal Health Care System under the oversight of the Argentinian Ministry of Health, causing lifelong severe pain and suffering (see above).

May 2018: In addition, the above Thematic NGO report has been endorsed by the Coordinadora de Profesionales por la Prevención de Abusos (CoPPA) >>> PDF English | Español  

• Mon 14 May 2018, 15-18h CET + Tue 15 May, 10-13h CET
   Review of Argentina
during CRC 78th Session in Geneva
   >>> Videos + Transcript  >>>
UN Press Release English | French

The Concluding Observations for Argentina, hopefully including another severe reprimand for IGM, are due to be published in June after the Session.

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